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Samuel Barclay, Scotsman – Patriot – Colonial Philadelphian   4 comments

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Samuel Barclay was born in Scotland, most likely on November 5, 1758.  It is reported that he was born in a town called Naillien, Scotland, as stated on a DAR paper. It is uncertain where this town might be.  It is uncertain when Samuel came to the colonies or to which port, though it is likely he came directly to Phildaelphia.  He clearly arrives prior to January 1776.  It is not likely that he came alone to the Pennsylvania, in that he would be younger than 18.

Samuel Barclay enlisted as an infantry man on January 30, 1776 at the age of 17.  I am thinking that he might be the son of George Barclay, a grocer who lives nearby him in Philadelphia.  He doesn’t name any children after George, though.   He was a private in the City Militia, Battalion B.  at Mt. Independence on November 26, 1776, in Company No. I  (Samuel Hay, Captain) of Col. William Irwin’s Pennsylvania Regiment. Mt. Independence was a battlefield in the Battle at Fort Ticonderoga.  He is excused on appeal from service after this, likely to get married.

At the age of 18, he marries Grace Knowles at the Old Swedes Church.  The marriage is recorded to have taken place on February 27, 1777.  He is a resident of the South Ward of Philadelphia in 1779.  Samuel does not appear on the 1790 Census.  He does appear on 1791 Directory. After 1798, Samuel lives at 323 South Second Street until he dies in 1823.  This house, like many other in the area, is gone.  This house and some buildings on Cox’s Alley are all gone.

Samuel and Grace have nine children.  Four of them die young.

Samuel Barclay, Jr., also known as Captain Samuel Barclay was a sea captain, busily sailing from Philadelphia to the Caribbean, Nova Scotia and to India.  Samuel was born in 1781 in Philadelphia.  This Samuel marries on May 16, 1801, Elizabeth Dyer in Boston, Massachusetts.  John Snelling Popkin, minister of the Long Lane Presbyterian Church, later Federal Street Church, and by then, a Congregationalist church.  Elizabeth is the daughter of John and Elizabeth Dyer of Boston.  Not certain how Samuel met Elizabeth, other than that he stayed there during one of his voyages.

John Barclay, second child of Samuel and Grace, was born in 1782 in Philadelphia.  Little is known about him other than that he was one of the victims of the recurrent Yellow Fever epidemics that befell the residents of Philadelphia in the 1790s.  He died in 1798.

Nancy (Ann) Barclay was born in Philadelphia in 1784.  She was baptized by the famous minister of the 3rd Presbyterian Church, George Duffield.  Duffield was the fiery and eloquent minister of this church from 1772 until his death in 1790.  He served as the third chaplain of the Continental Congress.  John Admas attended this church while in Philadelphia.  Duffield was a patriot and an “New Light” Presbyterian.  Ann was married at the Pine Street Presbyterian Church to Joseph Barker on May 29, 1802 by the famous New Light Presbyterian minister, Philip Milledoler.  She dies in Philadelphia in 1822.  It appears that Joseph pre-deceases her.

Rebecca Barclay was born February 23, 1787 in Philadelphia, also baptized at the 3rd Presbyterian Church by George Duffield.  She marries Robert Morris on December 15, 1803.  She is also married by Philip Milledoler.

Mary Barclay was born on February 3, 1789 in Philadelphia, also baptized at 3rd Presbyterian by George Duffield.  Mary married a man with the surname of Rolph.  Little is known about her.

Joseph Barclay was born in 1792 in Philadelphia.  He is a seaman.

Sarah Barclay is born in Philadelphia on July 7, 1796 in Philadelphia.  She married Gara J. Bishop, the famous minister and physician who moved from Philadelphia out west to Brookville, Pennsylvania where the couple lived and ministered to the citizens of Brookville until they both died, Sarah in 1852 and Gara in 1856.

Two of Samuel’s daughters were married at Old Pine Street Church by the famous minister, Phillip Milledoler.  During the time that Milledoler was the minister at the church, there was a continual state of revival.  Seems like Samuel and family were active in this church.  Need records of this church.

The last of Samuel and Grace’s children, John Ross Barclay was born in Philadelphia on October 18, 1798.  John lived in Philadelphia until moving to Trenton around the year 1841.  He lives in Trenton until he returns to Philadelphia in the 1870s, after several personal losses.  John married Jane Miles sometime before 1820.

Samuel is a Master Hatter, living in a fairly upscale business area of Philadelphia.  Southwark was an unincorporated part of Philadelphia and an area directly tied to light manufacturing, trades and business.  His sons, Samuel and Joseph are busy seafaring people reaching out to the world and bringing it to the citizens of Philadelphia.  It is likely that Samuel’s success might be tied to the travels of his sons.  It is important to remember that during the early 1800s, the fledgling United States of America was once again fighting to maintain its independence from Great Britain.  Ships leaving the USA were under constant attack from England.  Samuel and his sons are mentioned on Seaman’s Certificates, a way to protect the seamen from attacks by the British and Barbary pirates.

Samuel is well known and trusted in the community.  The are no fewer than 10 wills written in Philadelphia (Southwark) on which Samuel is the witness of the will.

Samuel’s wife, Grace, dies in Philadelphia on May 30, 1816, at the age of 58.  Her gravestone, located in the 3rd (Pine Street) Presbyterian churchyard, close to the church describes the love Samuel and his children had for Grace.  The inscription reads,

“A tender mother and a friend,

She did remain until her end.

She died and left the world in pain

And only died to live again.

My flesh shall slumber in the ground,

Till the trumpet’s joyfull sound

Then burst the chains with sweet surprise

And in my Savior’s image rise.”

As I have seen so many times in my walks through graveyards, inscriptions are more about the beliefs and feeling of the remaining than they are of the departed.  This inscription says that Samuel and Grace were close.  It says that the family was tightly connected.  It tells about the faith that the family had in the power of God in this life and in the next.

Also buried in this plot is the 17 year old son, John, who died of Yellow Fever in 1798.  So taken by the death of this dear child, Samuel and Grace named their next son, born in this same year, after him.  The little child, Grace, daughter of Samuel Jr. and his wife Elizabeth, and named after her grandmother, is also buried here.  She died at the age of 1 in 1807.  Samuel and Elizabeth’s son Daniel, aged 10, who died in 1802.

So then Samuel remains to take care of the family, likely assisted by his daughters.  He remains active in the community of Southwark, just north of Headhouse Square.  He is witness, as I mentioned earlier, to many wills written at this time.  His son, John Ross Barclay lives in several houses around him after marrying sometime before 1820.  Notably, he lived in the out buildings located behind his dwellings at 323 South Second Street, known then as Cox’s Alley, which ran from Second Street to Front, to the river.  His son was a shoemaker, a job he held all of his life, and from which he gave life and promise to my family there in Philadelphia and in Trenton.

His son and namesake, Samuel, known as Captain Samuel Barclay died of pneumonia in Philadelphia in 1821.  This must have been very difficult for this aging and sick man.  Seems like the once vibrant and busy household is slowing down.  Samuel is, at this time, sick himself.  He had written and rewritten his will a few times.  Oddly, in his will, he mentions that his wife is alive and is called Elizabeth.  I can only assume that he remarries after Grace dies in 1816.

An abstract of his will reads as follows:

“Samuel Barclay of Southwark, Co. of Philadelphia, Hatter –

To my wife, Elizabeth Barclay, my children Joseph Barclay, Sarah Bishop, Grace Jordan, and John Barclay, and to the children of my son Samuel, my deceased daughter, Nancy, and my daughter, Rebecca, to executors, in trust for daughter, Mary Rolph and her children.  Executors, son-in-law Garry Bishop and John Jordan, signed November 9, 1821 and proved September 21, 1823.  This is witnessed by Joseph Klapp, who is the doctor confirming the death of Samuel’s son in the same year.  It is also witnessed by Peter Williamson and James Thompson.  There is a codicil to this will, written on April 9, 1823 makes the changes: Appoints friend, Jesse Williamson, District of Southwark, as executor, in place of Garry Bishop.  Codicil witnessed by Richard Renshaw, Peter Williamson, and John Oakford.”

Samuel’s obituary, written in Poulson’s Advertiser, offers a glimpse into the type of man and the reputation he enjoyed.  Here is the text of the obituary, appearing in the newspaper on August 29, 1823:

“ DIED, on Wednesday evening, the 27th instant, of a long illness, SAMUEL BARCLAY, aged 64 years, 9 months, and 22 days.

His friends are respectfully invited to attend his funeral from his late dwelling, in Cox’s Alley, adjoining No. 323 South Second Street, this afternoon at 3 o’clock.

Master Hatters in general are invited.

“Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord”

Mr. Barclay’s long residence in the neighborhood where he terminated his mortality, gives full demonstration of an untarnished life, heightened with all the honours due to his years.  During his illness, which has been long and severe, his uniform submission and patience do credit to his Christian and manly fortitude, but his death adds lustre to the whole, leaving a manifest evidence of his perfect resignation to the will of his Father in Heaven.  Without a struggle or a groan, he has fallen asleep in Jesus, and we rejoice to believe that he is one of those blessed dead who die in the Lord.”

This obituary was written by the family who surrounded Samuel at his time of death. It says to me that there was a group of people in his home and that the people there witnessed the peaceful passing of their father, grandfather, father law and friend.  I would imagine that this obituary, written in such high style, was likely written by his son-in-law, likely Gara Bishop.

I would imagine many people showing up to his house off the square at Second Street.  I would imagine in excess of 25 Master Hatters, meeting at the house and standing outside talking about Samuel, remembering good and bad times.  I would imagine the friends coming and going, the children playing outside, still dressed in their funeral clothes.  After a quiet evening, following the funeral, Samuel’s body is taken from his long-time dwelling and carried down to Pine Street and over two blocks to Fourth Street.  He is laid to rest next to his wife, Grace, without remarks on the already full tombstone.  He is in plot 12-71.

Remaining behind are five of his children, Rebecca, Mary, Joseph, Sara, and John.

As to the parentage of Samuel Sr., I am proposing that George Barclay, listed as a grocer on the Philadelphia Directories.  George lived at 168 South Second Street from 1798 through to his death in 1819.  This address is adjacent to the City Tavern, the hub of colonial history at the time.  I do not believe that Samuel Sr. would have come from Scotland to Philadelphia at the age of 16, though it is a possibility.  Even if George is not his father, I would suppose that he could be his uncle.  There are other, few other, Barclays in Philadelphia at this time.  The businessman and banker, John Barclay lives just north of where Samuel lives.  He and his family are mentioned frequently in the newspapers.  Another Barclay living in the area of Southwark is Thomas Barclay.  This Thomas Barclay built and operated a brewery in this area.  He later became a Consul to the Barbaries, and, together with Robert Morris, became a part of the financial backing of the revolutionary movement.  This Thomas later buys Summerseat, located in Morrisville.  While a resident there, in 1776, Thomas hosted George Washington, who used the position on a high hill in Morrisville, across from Trenton, to make final plans for his invasion of Trenton not long after.  I have not been able to make specific connections to these Barclays, but image some interconnections.

I continue this story with my gg grandfather, John Ross Barclay, Samuel’s youngest son and child, born the very year their other son John died as a result of yellow fever.  By the time that John is born, Samuel is well-established in the community.  Life was likely busy and full in that area of Philadelphia.  John would have seen sailing ships coming and going from his house that had direct access to the Delaware River.  I imagine he was in and around the ships, going with his brother Samuel, 17 years older than him.  He would have attended school, but likely very early became an Apprentice Shoemaker.  By the time he is married, sometime before 1820, he was a practicing shoemaker.

John and his wife Jane move quite a bit during time that they are establishing a family.  This is a reflection of the likelihood that John had not established himself in his business.  He lives on such streets as Cox’ Alley, Little Water, Beck Court, Sutherland, and Federal.  He never leaves the area, but his movement to me indicates a struggling family who is renting houses and who is struggling financially.

ALLCROFTS of Manchester, England, New Jersey and Ohio   Leave a comment

Kathy Joan MATLACK is the daughter of Philip Randolph MATLACK and Joan Martig ALLCROFT. She was born on 30 Sep 19xx in Rahway, Union, New Jersey, USA.

Thomas Elliott Crawford BARCLAY and Kathy Joan MATLACK were married on 11 Apr 1981 in Ewing, Mercer, New Jersey,. They had 3 children.

  1. Rachael Leah Johanna BARCLAY. She was born on 10 Jul 19xx in Trenton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA.
  1. Laura Virginia Rebecca BARCLAY. She was born on 03 Apr 19xx in Trenton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA.
  1. Daniel Thomas Aaron BARCLAY. He was born on 23 Mar 19xx in Trenton, Mercer, New Jersey,

Rachael, Tom, Laura, Kathy, and Daniel

Joan Martig ALLCROFT is the daughter of James William ALLCROFT and Cecile Lillian BEARINGER. She was born on 09 Feb 19xx in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA.
Philip Randolph MATLACK and Joan Martig ALLCROFT were married on 22 Apr 1950 in Kenilworth, Union, New Jersey, USA. They had 2 children.

Joan Allcroft and Philip Matlack

  1. Philip Randolph MATLACK. He was born on 07 Jul 19xx in Trenton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA.
  1. Kathy Joan MATLACK. She was born on 30 Sep 19xx in Rahway, Union, New Jersey, USA.

Phil, Joan, Randy, and Kathy Matlack, Lanning Avenue

James William ALLCROFT is the son of Peter ALLCROFT and Wilhehmina SHAW. He was born on 03 Sep 1898 in Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA.. He died on 22 Nov 1960 in Margate, Broward, Florida, USA.

James W. Allcroft, Sr.

James went to Ohio Northern University because his Uncle Arthur had gone there, after serving in WWI. Took him eight years to get through school. In Ada, he met and later married Cecile Lillian Bearinger, the daughter of Thaddeus L. BEARINGER and Amy EmmaTYLER. She was born on 04 May 1902 in Chicago, Cook, Illinois, USA. Residence 1920 in Ada , Hardin, Ohio. She died on 09 Nov 1987 in Ocala, Marion, Florida, USA.

Cecile Bearinger and James Allcroft in Ada, Ohio

James William ALLCROFT and Cecile Lillian BEARINGER were married on 08 Feb 1921 in Kenton, Hardin, Ohio, USA. They eloped. They had 9 children.
  1. James William ALLCROFT Jr.. He was born on 03 Dec 1921 in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA. He married Mary Louise ALLEN. They were married on 09 Dec 1950 in Lincoln Park, New Jersey. He died on 25 Nov 1995 in Ocala, Marion, Florida, USA.
  2. Meriam Lyda ALLCROFT. She was born on 22 Oct 19xx in Ada, Hardin, Ohio,USA. She married Herbert ARLT. They were married on 26 Aug 1945 in Elizabeth, New Jersey. She is also known as Polly.
  3. Roger DeWitt ALLCROFT. He was born on 23 Sep 1925 in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA. He died on 22 Jun 1945 in Pacific Ocean, (Okinawa).
  4. Cecile Lillian ALLCROFT. She was born on 27 Sep 1925 in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA. She died on 05 Jan 1926 in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA.
  5. Aline Lorain ALLCROFT. She was born Abt. 1927 in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA. She died on 20 Nov 1927 in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA.
  6. Joan Martig ALLCROFT. She was born on 09 Feb 19xx in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA. She married Philip Randolph MATLACK. They were married on 22 Apr 1950 in Kenilworth, Union, New Jersey, USA. She married (2) Wallace J. Schonwald.
  7. Robert Leland ALLCROFT. He was born on 05 Aug 19xx in Ada, Hardin, Ohio, USA. He married Gail Diane DRUCKENMILLER. They were married on 08 Jun 1957 in Allentown, Pennsylvania.
  8. Gladys Marie ALLCROFT. She was born on 01 Feb 1936 in Elizabeth, Essex, New Jersey. She married Donald D. SCHREIBER. They were married on 03 May1958. She died on 12 Nov 1981 in Elizabeth, New Jersey.
  9. Richard Tyler ALLCROFT. He was born on 23 Apr 1945 in Elizabeth, Essex, New Jersey. He died on 24 Dec 1988 in Ocala, Marion, Florida, USA.

Peter Allcroft

Peter ALLCROFT is the son of William ALLCROFT and Elizabeth ALBERT. He was born on 05Mar 1862 in Manchester, Manchester, England. he arrived on 25 Sep 1886 in Boston, Massachusetts. He died on 15 Jan 1925 in Belleville, Essex, New Jersey, USA..
· Came to the US in 9/25/1886 on the Pavonia, from Liverpool, England
· Peter became a citizen of the United States on 10/28/1892 in Paterson, New Jersey
· Employed by Bethlehem Steel
· He was a Bantam Weight Boxer in England
· Died February 8, 1925 in Belleville. Lillian Allcroft was the informant of the same address.
· Parents are listed as William and Jane (Albert) Allcroft.
· Buried in Laurel Grove Cemetery, Patterson, New Jersey

Wilhemina Shaw

Wilhehmina SHAW is the daughter of James SHAW and Annie ORR. She was born on 05 Jun 1871 in Forfarshire, Dundee, Angus, Scotland. She died on 19 Jul 1942 in Unadilla Forks, Ostego, New York.

  • She was sponsored by the Church
  • She immigrated in 1882
  • She did not come with her parents

Peter, Wilhemina and children

Peter ALLCROFT and Wilhehmina SHAW were married on 25 Dec 1890 in Paterson, Passaic, New Jersey, USA. They had 11 children.
  1. Albert Steward ALLCROFT. He was born on 10 Aug 1891 in Newark, Essex,New Jersey, USA. He died Bef. 1900.
  2. Ruth Shaw ALLCROFT. She was born on 10 Aug 1891 in Newark, Essex, NewJersey, USA. She died Bef. 1900.
  3. Rosemary ALLCROFT. She was born Aug 1892 in Newark, Essex, New Jersey,USA. She died Bef. 1900..
  4. Arthur Newton ALLCROFT. He was born on 25 Jul 1895 in Newark, Essex, NewJersey, USA. He married Vivian Geraldine TOBIAS. They were married on 29 Apr 1918 in Petersburg, Dinwiddie, Virginia, USA. He died on 26 Apr 1945 in Dayton, Ohio.
  5. Irwin Wilbur ALLCROFT. He was born on 16 Aug 1896 in Newark, Essex, NewJersey, USA. He died Bef. 1900.
  6. Unknown ALLCROFT. He was born 1897 in Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA.He died Bef. 1900.
  7. James William ALLCROFT. He was born on 03 Sep 1898 in Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA. He married Cecile Lillian BEARINGER on 08 Feb 1921 in Kenton, Hardin, Ohio, USA. He died on 22 Nov 1960 in Margate, Broward, Florida, USA.
  8. Lillian Shaw ALLCROFT. She was born on 18 Jan 1900 in Newark, Essex, NewJersey, USA. She died on 05 Dec 1990 in Michigan.
  9. Leslie Miles ALLCROFT. He was born on 13 Feb 1902. He died Bef. 1910.
  10. Lyda Elenora ALLCROFT. She was born on 23 Apr 1903 in Irvington, Essex,New Jersey. She married Theodore Henry CLARKE on 20 Nov 1926 in Belleville, Essex, New Jersey, USA. She died on 17 Sep 1978 in Leominister, Massachusetts.
  11. Peter De Witt ALLCROFT. He was born on 28 Mar 1908 in Irvington, Essex,New Jersey.
William ALLCROFT is the son of Peter ALLCROFT and Jane MOLINEAUX. He was born on 15Oct 1837 in Manchester, Manchester, England. He worked as an Iron Turner.
Elizabeth ALBERT is the daughter of James ALBERT and MARTHA. She was born 1838. Shedied on 11 Sep 1875 in Manchester, Manchester, England. Cause of Death was Accidental Scalding.
William ALLCROFT and Elizabeth ALBERT were married in Manchester, Lancashire, England in Manchester Cathedral. They had 7 children.
  1. Emily ALLCROFT. She was born on 12 Feb 1858 in Manchester, Manchester,England..
  2. James Herbert ALLCROFT. He was born on 24 Jun 1860 in Manchester,Manchester, England. He married Mary Ann CRITCHLEY. They were married Bef. 1889. He died 1896 in Panama Canal Zone. Cause Of Death was Typhoid Fever. Burial in Laurel Grove Cemetery.
  3. Peter ALLCROFT. He was born on 05 Mar 1862 in Manchester, Manchester, England. Arrival on 25 Sep 1886 in Boston, Massachusetts. He married Wilhehmina SHAW. They were married on 25 Dec 1890 in Paterson, Passaic, New Jersey, USA.
  4. Thomas ALLCROFT. He was born 1863 in Manchester, Manchester, England.
  5. Elizabeth Ann ALLCROFT. She was born on 22 Apr 1864 in Manchester, Manchester, England.
  6. Elsie ALLCROFT. She was born 1868 in Manchester, Manchester, England.
  7. Albert ALLCROFT. He was born on 25 Jan 1870 in Manchester, Manchester, England.
William ALLCROFT and MARGARET. They had 1 child.
1. Ellen ALLCROFT. She was born 1877.
William ALLCROFT and CHARLOTTE. They had 1 child.
1. Charles ALLCROFT. He was born 1891.
Peter ALLCROFT is the son of William ALLCROFT and HANNAH. He was born Abt. 1814 in Derbyshire, England. He died Abt. 1884 in Manchester, Greater Manchester, England.
Notes for Peter ALLCROFT:
Residence: Staveley, Derbyshire, England
Christening date: 14 Apr 1811, in STAVELEY, DERBYSHIRE, ENGLAND
Jane MOLINEAUX. She died Abt. 1857.
Peter ALLCROFT and Jane MOLINEAUX. They had 4 children.
1. William ALLCROFT. He was born on 15 Oct 1837 in Manchester, Manchester, England. He married Elizabeth ALBERT. They were married in Manchester, Lancashire, England. Occupation was Iron Turner.
2. Joseph ALLCROFT. He was born 1835 in Manchester, England.
3. Elizabeth ALLCROFT. She was born Oct 1840 in Manchester, England.
4. Peter ALLCROFT. He was born 1843..
William ALLCROFT.
HANNAH.
William ALLCROFT and HANNAH.. They had 1 child.
  1. Peter ALLCROFT. He was born Abt. 1814 in Derbyshire, England. He died Abt. 1884 in Manchester, Greater Manchester, England.

Posted September 30, 2012 by TECBarclay in Genealogy

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